Born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893, Joan Miró (1893–1983) is closely associated with the history of surrealism.
Miró trained in a free academy where he discovered the Fauves and the Post-Impressionists. He arrived in Paris after the Great War, in 1920. Close to Picasso, he encountered the Dadaist milieu and the avant-garde. Miró develops a free pictorial language, which is not far from the automatic writing experiments carried out by Robert Desnos or André Breton.
In the 1930s, his works were exhibited in the United States, where they were well received. In the 1960s, he got closer to the Maeght couple, who established their foundation in Saint-Paul-de-Vence. This foundation currently owns 275 works by the artist. In recent years, Miró will be called upon to participate in major projects in Europe and the United States.
A prolific artist, Miró produced no less than 2,000 paintings, 5,000 drawings and collages, 500 sculptures and 400 ceramics. In his honour, the Joan-Miró Foundation was created in Barcelona in 1975. It is a cultural and artistic center dedicated to the presentation of new trends in contemporary art.